Mosaics in Walkway at Foro Italico
The students in my class, The US, Italy and the Cold War, have been using US and Soviet political cartoons as a lens through which to understand how the conflict was defined and what the stakes were. They analyzed the symbols each side used to identify its core values and convey its message. This week we considered fascism and the government of Mussolini prior to World War II. Mussolini, also known as Il Duce, absolutely believed in the connection between politics and art; and in 1927, a Fascist National Organization for the Fine Arts was formed. According to art historian Kate Flint, two dominant features of fascist art are monumentality and myth. Mussolini commissioned a series of public buildings known collectively as the EUR. These show the Fascist intention of putting a modern stamp on the glories of the past. One of the iconic symbols of the empire in Rome is the Colosseum (see the image on the left). The image on the right is the Fascist (re)interpretation: the Building of Italian Civilization, also known as the Square Colosseum.
On Monday our class visited Foro Italico, a sports complex commissioned by Mussolini and built between 1928 and 1931. After a set of readings relating to fascism, fascist art, and resistance, they considered the physical geography of the Foro Italico and the statues, mosaics, and other structures. In short, students were asked to consider the relationship between art and political ideology and to what extent art and architecture can convey political beliefs and values. Fascist public art, such as can be found at the Foro Italico, lionized Il Duce as the new Augustus and made direct connections between the greatness of the ancient Roman Empire and the future of the new Italian empire. They borrowed heavily from classical art and architecture, but did it in a modern style. So for example, Mussolini’s obelisk clearly emulates the Augustus obelisk, but in a distinctly Fascist style. It is 120 feet high and weighs more than 300 tons…it is monumental and obviously intended to inspire awe.
Mussolini’s name and an oversized “Dux” (Latin for leader) are carved into the obelisk—impossible for anyone to miss. Central motifs of fascist art include devotion and heroism, particularly of those who serve the Italian state. From the obelisk, students then walked along the Viale di Foro Italico, a walkway that leads to the Olympic Stadium. Designed by Luigi Moretti, huge marble blocks on either side commemorate the founding of the Fascist state and key dates in the establishment of its colonies in North Africa. Like their peers during the 1930s, our students walked over paths decorated with mosaics, immortalizing Il Duce, mixing athletics and myth, connecting to the glories of the ancient Roman Empire, and calling on its audience to be physically fit, to be strong, dedicated, and disciplined, and to serve the nation. The monumental marble statues in the Stadio di Marmi and the mosaic frescoes in the Olympic pool echo and reaffirm these themes. By the end of the site visit, it was much easier for students to decode the Fascist symbols and understand both the messages and their intended audience.
Churches and cathedrals are full of symbolism and packed with a multitude of meanings. My colleague, Dr. Aurelie Hagstrom, a former resident faculty director of the PC-Rome program, used to assign a text entitled, How to Read a Church by Richard Taylor, for the students in her New Testament in the Eternal City class. The purpose of the text is to enable students to understand the main features of the churches and other holy places they visit, including decoding the symbolism of the individual animals, plants, colors, numbers, and letters. Students learn to interpret the images in church art and to relate them to Christian teachings about God, the life of Christ, the history of the Catholic Church, the lives of the saints, and to understand the ways in which Church architecture and art intersect with theology. This semester, students in the PC-Rome program will accompany Dr. Erik Walters on numerous site visits both to “read the churches” and to relate them to the New Testament. They will become adept at decoding Christian symbolism and imagery. Their first visit takes place this week when they visit the “sacred area” of the Largo Argentina, the site of the remains of sacred temples dating back to the Roman Republic. From there, they will walk to the Pantheon, including the obelisk that stands before it. Students will consider the iconography of Roman Emperor Augustus—the obelisks were intended to convey the continuity between the Egyptian pharaohs and the Roman emperors. Later, many obelisks were transformed from symbols of paganism to Christian monuments with the addition of a cross, new inscriptions, and the heraldic symbols of popes. Many of these are located in the center of a piazza or in front of one of main basilicas of Rome. The Obelisk of Augustus, for example, was relocated in 1586 and situated in front of St. Peter’s. (Rosamie Moore, https://www.romeartlover.it/Obelisks.html, 2015).
On Friday, many CEA and PC students will travel to Florence for an overnight trip. There they will continue to develop their understanding of the intersection of art, theology, and history. I will update you periodically on their progress. Thanks for tuning in and go Friars!
Mosaics in Walkway at Foro Italico The students in my class, The US, Italy and the Cold War, have been using US and Soviet political cartoons as a lens through which to understand how the conflict was defined and what the stakes were. They analyzed the symbols each side used to identify its core values […]MORE
Buon Anno! Happy New Year! Many make resolutions at the beginning of a new year that express their hopes and aspirations. Some wish to live healthier lives and resolve to watch their diet and exercise more regularly. Others hope to be better organized and more productive so as to leave more time for leisure activities. Still others aspire to have a better balance between their professional, personal, and spiritual lives. It seems a natural time to start anew.
At the Center for Education Abroad office in Rome, the staff are excited about new initiatives at the CEA. This upcoming semester, the center will introduce Italian movie nights (with English subtitles), an evening of apperitivos with Italian students from other universities in Rome, and a new fitness regime known as Impacto Training taught by Italian trainers who will work out with interested students at different historic sites in and around Rome. All of these are designed to provide more complete immersion experiences for our students.
One of the great joys of teaching is this ability to start anew and to get to know a new population of students with their diverse backgrounds and interests. Every semester represents a clean slate. I have been teaching classes on the Cold War for many years, but this semester I will be teaching a new seminar that uses Italy as a focus for understanding the origins, course, and consequences of a conflict that dominated the second half of the twentieth century and continues to shape the world in which we live. In keeping with the PC-Rome and CEA goal of using Rome as a classroom, my students will make a number of site visits, including to the Sorratte Bunker that was built for Mussolini but was re-purposed to serve as a safe haven for the Italian cabinet in the event of a nuclear attack. I have integrated new readings, developed new discussion questions related to older readings, and worked on a revised schedule that balances class work, site visits, and individual research. This new lens through which to examine the Cold War is both challenging and intellectually stimulating and I am excited to start the class.
Other faculty teaching in the PC-Rome/CEA program are likewise preparing for the new semester. PC students are required to take Italian language classes and a theology course, The New Testament in the Eternal City. In addition, a number of new faculty members will be teaching courses in business and philosophy this coming semester, offering our students great opportunities to fulfill requirements for their major or pursue their interests in greater depths.
Our PC Friars and students from fifteen colleges and campuses around the US arrived to Rome this week to start a new adventure. They are coping with jet lag, lost luggage, learning to find their way around their new apartments and neighborhoods, and participating in a whole series of orientation programs designed to enable them to make the most of their semester, their time in Rome and in Italy, and to insure their personal safety and well-being. They are all in the “honeymoon” stage of cultural adaptation. Their orientation has included discussions of housing and academic policy, maintaining their personal safety, and submitting the necessary documentation for their permesso di soggiorno (residency permit). They have had an “SOS Italian language class”, guided walking tours of Rome, and toured their new neighborhoods—designed to provide them with basic survival skills such as “how to shop at an Italian grocery store” and how to use public transportation.
This weekend, PC Friars are invited to a Welcome-to-Rome English-language Mass that will be held at the Pontifical North American College. After mass they will enjoy unobstructed views of St. Peter’s and Rome from the rooftop terrace of the college, followed by pizza (of course!). At our PC orientation meeting, I asked our students to lay out their goals for the semester, both in terms of their personal development and from the perspective of their academic majors. These were in the form of New Year’s resolutions. Like many other students studying abroad, they want both to get to know Italy better and also to travel throughout Europe. At the same time, they want to do well in their academic work and recognize the special challenges that an international experience means in terms of balancing the cultural explorations and meeting academic deadlines and being prepared for classes. We will revisit these at the end of the semester to see how successfully students were able to keep their resolutions for this semester.
One of the inspirational quotations at this semester’s orientation for new students comes from Dr. Seuss: Today is the day I shall behave as if this is the day I will be remembered. We want our students to experience their semester abroad in an authentic way. We hope they will have no regrets at the end of the semester because they have been purposeful in their studies, mindful in their travels, and truly immersed in Italian and European culture. Classes begin on Monday. We’ll see how long those resolutions last and how far they carry our students on their personal journeys.
Thanks for tuning in and Go Friars!
Buon Anno! Happy New Year! Many make resolutions at the beginning of a new year that express their hopes and aspirations. Some wish to live healthier lives and resolve to watch their diet and exercise more regularly. Others hope to be better organized and more productive so as to leave more time for leisure […]MORE
The semester is over; students have departed–some to travel and others to rejoin their family and friends. The staff at Providence College and CEA are already preparing for the incoming students. In the meantime, we wish you a blessed and joyous Christmas.
The semester is over; students have departed–some to travel and others to rejoin their family and friends. The staff at Providence College and CEA are already preparing for the incoming students. In the meantime, we wish you a blessed and joyous Christmas.MORE
No one can believe it. It seems that just yesterday our PC Friars were moving into their apartments, getting orientated to Rome, and starting their semester-long adventure. This is the final week. Students are presenting their research, submitting their papers, and taking final exams. Students in several classes, including the New Testament in the Eternal City, are anxiously awaiting their turns to take oral examinations with their professors.
Throughout the semester, students in Prof. Alessandro Zanazzo’s Photography class learned the fundamentals of photography in class and by studying the works of world-renowned photographers. They traveled to sites around Rome and in Italy to develop their artistic vision and hone their skills. Last week, the exhibit of the fruits of their labor opened. CEA and PC students enjoyed light refreshments as they viewed the photographs exhibited on the walls and saw the larger body of photographic work in slide shows viewable on the laptops of our student photographers. Their comments and critiques contributed to the selection of the prize-winning photograph by Meghan Frazier. All of their photos were breathtaking in their diversity of subject, perspective, and beauty.
This is also a week of finals in another sense. Students are using up the last of the groceries and beginning the task of sorting and cleaning out their apartments. They are making their farewell visits to their favorite cafe, ristorante, or bar. They are anticipating the final cappuccino, the last slice of pizza from their favored pizzeria, one more gelato, and that final visit to hangouts in the city that has been their home for the last four months.
Om Thursday evening, the staff and faculty at CEA will join the students at the Baja Boat Ristorante on the Lungotevere (near the Tiber) for a farewell dinner. Although PC students will see each other on campus in January, they will be saying goodbye to the other CEA students, who come from colleges and universities around the country. They have been flatmates, classmates, and fellow travellers. It will be hard to say goodbye.
Finally, Friday is move-out day and most of our students will be saying a final good-bye to Rome. Hopefully they will be saying arrivederci, until we meet again. Thanks for tuning in. Go Friars!
No one can believe it. It seems that just yesterday our PC Friars were moving into their apartments, getting orientated to Rome, and starting their semester-long adventure. This is the final week. Students are presenting their research, submitting their papers, and taking final exams. Students in several classes, including the New Testament in the Eternal […]MORE
November 24, 2016 was a day for ringraziemento (thanksgiving).
PC Friars who remained in Rome for the holiday weekend enjoyed a turkey dinner with all the trimmings with the CEA staff at Mama’s Restaurant in Rome. The owner is a native of New Jersey and the Thanksgiving meal served at her restaurant has been rated one of the best in the city.
Although they missed their family and friends during this special holiday, students were grateful for the incredible opportunity of having studied in Rome this semester. They also expressed their gratitude to the staff at CEA who have done everything in their power to enable students to make the most of their experience. This dinner, like so many other events and outings organized by CEA and PC was special, not only for the delicious food, but also for the camaraderie and the opportunity to be together to celebrate.
Happy Thanksgiving to you and yours! Go Friars!
November 24, 2016 was a day for ringraziemento (thanksgiving). PC Friars who remained in Rome for the holiday weekend enjoyed a turkey dinner with all the trimmings with the CEA staff at Mama’s Restaurant in Rome. The owner is a native of New Jersey and the Thanksgiving meal served at her restaurant has been rated one […]MORE
Last week, PC and CEA students did a day trip to the hills overlooking Subiaco, Italy, the site where St. Benedict lived for three years as a hermit in the caves above the town and the place where he later built the first of twelve monasteries. Seminarians from the Pontifical North American College talked about the role of Benedict’s rule and the contributions of the Benedictine monasteries in preserving and transmitting knowledge from antiquity and in propagating the faith. Dr. Alexandra Massini, an art historian, also accompanied the group and explicated the frescoes that depict both the life of Jesus Christ and the life and works of Benedict. It was a cool, slightly rainy day and it was quite easy to imagine how difficult it must have been for Benedict to survive in the cave and to think about the kind of faith that contributed to his many good works.Equally difficult must have been the task of building the monastery on top of the steep hill and visualizing pilgrims who traveled to the monastery over the ages to seek grace. The earthquakes that shook Italy a few weeks earlier destroyed the cathedral in Norcia, where St. Benedict had been buried, so it was especially moving to be in this holy place where he had lived and worked.
The group then traveled through the Italian countryside to the beautiful little town of Anagni, a town that has had an important history over the millennia. During Roman times, it was strategically important because this hill town overlooks a valley with an important route to the sea in the south. Many Roman emperors also liked to stay in Anagni to escape the summer heat.
Anagni is also known as the “City of Popes”. During one 100-year period, four popes came from two prominent families of the town. During the 12th and 13th centuries, Anagni, which has maintained many elements from its medieval history, was more important than Rome. While City Hall is at the center of the town, the Cathedral is at the top of the hill at the end of the main cobbled street that starts at the town walls. Charming alleys and steep side streets branch off the main road. After a delicious lunch where students were able to sample local and regional specialties, Dr. Massini led us on a tour of the Cathedral and the crypt below.
The Cathedral is a beautiful example of Romanesque architecture commissioned by the Bishop St.Peter of Salerno in 1072 and consecrated in 1104. According to legend, St. Magnus had a vision and instructed Peter, a Benedictine monk, to build the cathedral there, on the site of an ancient pagan sanctuary. St. Magnus was later buried in the cathedral; and the relics of Sts. Secondina, Aurelia, and other martyrs are interred there. Several Gothic additions were added centuries later. A reliquary containing remains of St. Thomas Becket is included among its important holdings.
The crypt below the cathedral has been called the “Sistine Chapel of Middle Ages.” The floor is an original and unrestored Cosma pavement dating back to circa 1235. The walls and ceilings of the crypt are completely covered in medieval frescoes, most of them fully intact and still brightly colored. They are among the most extensive and best preserved medieval frescoes in Europe and depict the lives of the saints, scenes from the Old Testament, the life of Christ, and most especially a detailed vision of the Apocalypse.
This type of excursion is typical of PC/CEA outings. Students deepen their understanding of Catholic faith and practice, the history of the church and of the papacy, the history of Rome and of Italy, and the history of art and architecture during the Middle Ages. They also venture into the Italian countryside and are able to sample local and regional cuisine. We strive to balance the academic, the cultural, and the fun!
One short week later, PC students participated in a career and reentry workshop. They are already being asked to contemplate the ways in which this semester abroad experience has affected them. How has their academic classwork been enhanced by site visits and using Rome as a classroom? What kinds of skills and competencies have they developed as a result of being immersed in Italian culture, living in Rome, and traveling elsewhere in Europe? How can these be communicated effectively in a resume, cover letter, or during a job interview? This coming week is the Thanksgiving holiday, followed by final exam week. Papers, projects, and presentations are all coming due. At the same time, students are beginning to think about returning home. The workshop also discussed some common experiences relating to re-entry, including “reverse culture shock”. More than a few expressed disbelief at how quickly this semester has passed! It is as if time has suddenly accelerated! But for now, they are determined to savor every last second. Go Friars!
Last week, PC and CEA students did a day trip to the hills overlooking Subiaco, Italy, the site where St. Benedict lived for three years as a hermit in the caves above the town and the place where he later built the first of twelve monasteries. Seminarians from the Pontifical North American College talked about […]MORE
The Jewish community in Rome dates back to 70AD, when Jewish prisoners and slaves were brought back by Titus after the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem. This historic event is commemorated on the Arch of Titus in the Roman Forum. For hundreds of years, this Jewish community was confined to a ghetto located on the banks of the Tiber, and Jews living there experienced all sorts of discrimination and periodic persecution. The ghetto was abolished in 1870 and after the unification of Italy, Jews were emancipated and became Italian citizens. The ghetto itself was razed, including the five synagogues within. At the turn of the 19th century, a new synagogue was built that continues to serve as the religious and social heart of the Jewish community in Rome. Its distinctive eclectic design and square dome, the only one in Rome, reflects the Jewish community’s desire to make visible their pride in their newfound freedom.
This week, Prof. Jim Schwarten and I took some of our students on a walking tour of the Jewish Quarter, including visits to the Great Synagogue, the Jewish Museum, and 16 October 1943 Square—the site where Jews were rounded up by the Nazis and sent to Auschwitz and Birkenau. All around the quarter are bronze plaques embedded in the sidewalks or marble placards on the face of buildings indicating where individuals who had lived in the quarter disappeared forever. Students were particularly moved by one indicating the home where one man had returned, only to find that his wife and nine children had been seized. He never saw them again. The violence against the Jewish citizens didn’t end there. Another moving memorial is one dedicated to Stefano Gaj Taché, a two year old child who was among the victims of a Palestinian terror attack in 1982. More than thirty men, women, and children were also injured as they left the synagogue after weekly prayers. Having seen this, the students could understand the large police presence at the entrances to the quarter and the presence of so many security cameras.
Prof. Schwarten is a sociologist who teaches Critical Perspectives on Italy: Contemporary Society and Culture. My students are in my History of the Modern Middle East class. Both of these are electives courses available to students in the PC-Rome/CEA program. Prof. Schwarten and I approached the site visit from different academic perspectives: he from the point of view of Jews who stayed, particularly after the trauma of World War II and the Holocaust. His class explores questions of identity, healing, and reintegration. My class, in contrast, approached the site visit from the perspective of Jews who left, particularly those who immigrated to Palestine before World War II or to Israel in the postwar era. The long-term persecution of Jews and the Holocaust convinced many Zionists that their only hope lay in returning to Eretz Israel, the Biblical lands promised to them in scripture. Our class also explores the enduring impact of the Holocaust on Israeli politics and society.
While Rome is the heart of the Catholic Church, it is also home to a large Jewish community and the site of one of the largest mosques in Europe. Since 1986, three popes, including most recently Pope Francis, have visited there to promote healing and interreligious dialogue. Students at CEA/PC-Rome have unique opportunities to learn about these communities and their efforts to deal with questions of identity, diversity, and religious coexistence. Thanks for tuning in.
The Jewish community in Rome dates back to 70AD, when Jewish prisoners and slaves were brought back by Titus after the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem. This historic event is commemorated on the Arch of Titus in the Roman Forum. For hundreds of years, this Jewish community was confined to a ghetto located […]MORE
Last week students in the New Testament in the Eternal City class had a site visit at St Paul’s Basilica, or St. Paul’s Outside the Walls as it is commonly called. It is one of the five arched basilicas in Rome and the place where St. Paul was buried. Among the relics there are the chains that bound him while he awaited his execution. The basilica dates back to the 4th century. The entrance to the basilica is fronted by a beautiful courtyard surrounded by a marble colonnade. Less than twenty-four hours after the class visit, an earthquake hit central Italy. The aftershocks could be felt as far south as Rome.
This weekend another major earthquake hit central Italy, the fourth major earthquake in less than three months. It destroyed ancient buildings in Umbria, including the Basilica of St. Benedict in the town of Norcia. Thankfully, most people in this region were living in shelters or sleeping in their cars as a result of the seismic shocks, so there was little loss of life. The aftershocks and tremors hit Rome on Sunday morning at 7:41am. Buildings shook, windows creaked, and bits of ceilings fell. The colonnade of St. Paul’s Outside the Walls cracked. Cracks appeared in some of the walls of St. Peter’s Cathedral. The tremors were significantly stronger and lasted longer than those that hit four days earlier.
When PC students first arrived for orientation this past August, an informal poll asked them to list one major fear or concern they had about studying abroad and one of their fondest hopes for the semester ahead. As can be expected in the age of the War on Terror, their responses included fear of a terrorist attack. Other concerns included fear of being victims of pickpockets or other petty crime, a worry that they would not be fully immersed in Roman life, and concern that their language skills would not be sufficient to enable them to navigate daily life in Rome. NO ONE listed seismic activity as a concern. No one predicted that during their first week in Rome, central Italy would be hit by a major earthquake that would kill more than 300 persons, cause thousands to be left homeless, and destroy countless ancient and contemporary buildings. Towns like Amitrice, which was crowded with visitors there for the annual festival celebrating Amitriciana pasta sauce, were decimated.
Italy is a small country roughly the size of Arizona. Students could witness firsthand and in a much more intimate way how the Italian government, the Catholic Church, nonprofit organizations (such as Doctors without Borders), and the Italian people responded to the catastrophe. They watched rescue crews frantically racing time to save victims buried under the rubble. Pope Francis offered a mass for the victims and made a special trip to the region to offer support and prayers–churches around Italy took up a special collection. Many local restaurants donated a portion of the proceeds whenever their patrons ordered pasta Amitriciana, a pasta sauce that originates in the town of Amitrice made with pepper, pecorino cheese, and tomatoes cooked in guanciale, Italian salt-cured pork jowl. Students might have noticed the candle-light prayer services, the blood drives, and the multiplicty of ways in which the entire Italian nation responded to the suffering. In addition to its other efforts, the Italian Red Cross also organized a series of concerts to raise money for the victims. The CEA center in Rome collected toiletries and other personal care products donated for the victims of the earthquakes. Sometimes the study abroad experience encompasses learning that extends far beyond visiting popular tourist sites or tasting local cuisine; in times of crisis, students can gauge the kinds of resources that are harnessed to respond to unexpected needs. These shed light on cultural values and priorities.
Naturally, parents and families worry about the safety of PC students studying abroad when they see the news reports of natural disasters such as these earthquakes, or man-made catastrophes, such as the Paris terror attacks of a year ago. CEA and PC Rome have well-established protocols to reach out to every student to ascertain they are safe and to assist them should the need arise. The CEA also maintains an emergency phone line that is staffed 24/7. Luckily, none of our students have been negatively affected.
As the colder weather nears, let us keep the earthquake victims of the hill towns of Italy in our hearts and prayers. Thanks for tuning in. Go Friars!
Last week students in the New Testament in the Eternal City class had a site visit at St Paul’s Basilica, or St. Paul’s Outside the Walls as it is commonly called. It is one of the five arched basilicas in Rome and the place where St. Paul was buried. Among the relics there are […]MORE
Students in the PC-Rome and CEA program may choose from a number of courses that integrate the city into the classrrom. One popular option is Angels, Demons, and Artists in Rome: Art through the Ages, a class taught be art historian Professor Alexandra Massini. During the semester, students make regular site visits to archaeological sites, museums, and religious spaces of Rome in order to engage first-hand with great masterpieces while acquiring the skills to analyze and decode their hidden meanings.
If you ask Romans about the top ten not-to-be-missed-while-in-Rome sites, inevitably you will find included the Borghese Museum and Gardens, once described as one of the most beautiful places on earth for Renaissance and Baroque art. On this day, students accompanied Prof. Massini in an examination of Renaissance paintings by Rafael, Del Sarto, Bronzino, and Titian. They also examined (although experienced is a more accurate description) Baroque sculpture by Bernini, including Apollo and Daphne, David, and The Rape of Persephone.
Earlier in the semester, the class traveled to Florence where they saw some of the masterpieces of the High Renaissance, including Michaelangelo’s David. Bernini was a risk-taker. Unlike Michaelangelo who only used a chisel, Bernini also used a drill; one wrong motion risked fracturing the marble and ruining the entire work of art. By comparing and contrasting the two artists’ depictions of David and his encounter with Goliath, students could see firsthand the characteristics that distinguished Baroque sculpture from that of the Renaissance, namely, the capture of a climactic moment, the multiplicity of viewpoints, the complexity of movement, the drama, and the detailing.
According to the Greek myth (as later retold by Ovid), Daphne, the daughter of a river god, had rejected the advances of Apollo, a god who had fallen passionately in love with Daphne after being struck by a golden arrow from Eros. He pursued her relentlessly, and Daphne implored her father to save her. Just at the moment when Apollo finally caught her, she was being transformed into a laurel tree. Bernini captures this precise moment in Apollo and Daphne. Carved out of a solid block of marble, its positioning intends for it to be viewed first from the rear. As the viewer walks around the sculpture, they see the story unfold. Hundreds of years after the sculpture was completed, our students walked around the sculpture seeing her transformation with their own eyes. Students remarked on Bernini’s vision, noting the roots developing from Daphne’s toes, the branches unfurling from her shoulders and hair, and the quality of movement captured in a static piece of art.
Unlike Michelangelo’s version that captures David steeling himself before his battle with Goliath, Bernini’s sculpture captures David at the moment he is about to unleash his stone from his sling. Bernini’s takes place in the moment and is intended to be viewed from a variety of perspectives, each telling part of the larger story. The athletes among the students were struck by the physics of the piece, trying to figure out what sequence of motions would have been necessary to unleash his attack. Walking around the life-sized statue carved from a single block of marble enabled students not only to understand the key differences between the two masters, but between the Renaissance and Baroque eras. Understanding the patronage of Sciopone Borghese and viewing the piece of art in the site for which it was designed provides students with insights into the lives of the Roman elites and their connections to the Papacy. Shortly after having completed the David, Bernini’s friend Maffeo Barberini was elected Pope Urban VIII who commissioned churches, sculpture, fountains, set designs for papal audiences, and other works of art.
Travel abroad is an enriching experience. Studying abroad can be transformative. A course like Angels and Demons provides students with a priceless opportunity to study art and architecture, to develop their visual literacy, and learn more about the history of art, the history of Rome, and in this case, the history of the Church as well. Thanks for tuning in.
Students in the PC-Rome and CEA program may choose from a number of courses that integrate the city into the classrrom. One popular option is Angels, Demons, and Artists in Rome: Art through the Ages, a class taught be art historian Professor Alexandra Massini. During the semester, students make regular site visits to archaeological sites, museums, and […]MORE
Four young seminarians from the Pontifical North American College approached the PC Rome program about doing some apostolic work. Like our PC students, they are American students studying in Rome. While PC still draws primarily from New England and the Mid-Atlantic states, they hail from the heartland of America: Wisconsin, South Dakota, Oklahoma, and Minnesota. The PC-Rome program is a semester program; students at the Pontifical North American College (PNAC) are there typically for five years. They too struggle with learning Italian, dealing with the hustle and bustle of Rome, and coping with homesickness. They enjoy eating pizza and watching football, the camaraderie of their classmates, and they take advantage of opportunities to travel in Italy and around Europe whenever they can. At the same time, they have answered the call of God and are preparing for the priesthood.
PNAC was formally inaugurated by Pope Pius IX in 1859, on the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, who is also the patroness of the United States. The college was established on the grounds of a 16th century former monastery located at the foot of the Janiculum hill. Bishops around the US and in Australia send young men to Rome to prepare for the priesthood. The motto of the College as seen on the coat of arms to the right is Firmum Est Cor Meum (“My heart is steadfast”),and it comes from the first verse of Psalm 108. The courtyard of the campus features 48 orange trees one for each state (they’ll plant trees for the other two one of these days!) and a fountain with red, white and blue colors. Presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy both visited there.
The four seminarians came to introduce themselves to the students in the PC-Rome program. They described their roads to Rome and their paths to a life dedicated to God. It is clear from hearing their personal stories that it was not always easy, nor was it always a foregone conclusion that the priesthood was the right choice for them. They struggled with their conscience, with trying to understand who they are and what their place is in the world. Some actively resisted, thinking they preferred to marry and lead a different sort of life. But the call came to them and after reflection, prayer, and personal introspection, their path became clear. Their joy is evident. They also invited the students to share in a number of programs here in Rome.
In the course of this semester and the next, PC Rome and the seminarians will work together on offering PC students in Rome English-language masses, opportunities to meet informally to discuss theology and/or questions relevant to the church in sessions known as “Theology on Tap”, and a chance to do some service in and around Rome. Several students will participate in the 7th Annual Turkey Trot, a 5k race around the Vatican on Thanksgiving morning…it is the only race around a sovereign state! We will also try to schedule mass or vespers on a Sunday evening, followed by live-stream football game. There were many sandwiches leftover from that initial meeting. The seminarians distributed these to the homeless around the Vatican. Already, the efforts of these young men have had unexpected benefits! Stay tuned for more!
Four young seminarians from the Pontifical North American College approached the PC Rome program about doing some apostolic work. Like our PC students, they are American students studying in Rome. While PC still draws primarily from New England and the Mid-Atlantic states, they hail from the heartland of America: Wisconsin, South Dakota, Oklahoma, and Minnesota. […]MORE