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Football, Soccer, or Calcio?

 

Olympic Stadium, Rome

This is Super Bowl week back home in the States.  Millions of Americans are buying big screen TVs, betting on teams in their office pool, and comparing recipes for their favorite foods, snacks, and dips.  Even if they are not football fans, many Americans will sit down to watch the biggest game of the year.  (Go Patriots!)

Here in Italy, the number one national sport is also football – except it’s called “soccer” or “calcio“. Last weekend a few of our P.C. in Rome students  decided to go on a great adventure by attending an Italian calcio match here in Rome.  Jimmy De Bowes, a finance major from New Haven, CT., shares his experience below:

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Lazio and Roma both play their homes games about a mile and a half from our apartment in Prati so attending a game was a no-brainer. Going to an Italian soccer (calcio) game was unlike any sporting event I’ve ever been to. The cheapest way to get tickets was to walk a quarter mile to a Lazio apparel shop that doubles as a ticket office. For anyone going in the future, be careful not to believe the street vendors/scalpers who tell you the game is sold out and try to sell you overprice tickets. You need to show your passport to even get into the shop.”

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“Then, once you get to the stadium, they look at your passport and ticket three separate times. But the game was well worth the trouble. We shared our love for soccer with a few local fans sitting near us who spoke Italian and English, which made the environment even better. I was surprised to see they sell hot dogs at the game. A vendor will also walk around to sell you water and boxes of crackers that you would see at the supermarket.”

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“Stadio Olimpico is huge and the fans are passionate. The Lazio fans wave giant flags the entire game and set off fireworks and smoke bombs when their team scores. The fans are loud and obnoxious just like they are at American football games, but Lazio fans continue to celebrate long after a goal is scored. Thank God the Lazio and visitor (Milan) fans sit in different sections on different sides of the stadium, because they all have a deep hatred for any opposing team. The die-hard fans sit in a high-demand, sold-out section called Curva Nord. With so much security on site, I’m still confused as to how these fans get flags and fireworks into the stadium.”

 

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“After an early goal in the 4th minute from Milan, Lazio put up 3 unanswered and won 3-1.  Despite the score, it was an intense game with several injuries, cards and a brawl started by soon to be suspended Milan defender Philippe Mexès.” – Jimmy DeBowes.

Of course, Providence College loves soccer.  Last season our Men’s Soccer team won the Big East championship. And a few of our players were recently selected in the 2015 Major League Soccer Super Draft.

 Go Friars!

Let the Adventure Begin!

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Providence College in Rome Spring 2015 has gone live!  Our Program has begun its eighth semester of transforming lives with the study abroad experience at the heart of the Church.

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Last week, 21 students from Providence College and I arrived in the Eternal City for a semester abroad.  The CEA Rome Team welcomed us with open arms and big smiles upon our arrival and then gave us an intense four day Orientation Program that helped our entry into the Italian way of life and our academic study program.

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 CEA Rome Center

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During this first week of introductions, orientations, and new beginnings, I asked the students what they were hoping for from their study abroad experience in Rome.  We talked about why they chose Rome as a destination and what they expected from our Program.  Here’s what some of them said:

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“I chose last minute that I wanted to study abroad and heard amazing things about this program. The culture, the food, the people, the sites, the history, etc. Everything I wanted in one program… I have yet to take theology courses at PC and what better way to take them than in Rome?” Emily Rose, Accounting Major

SP155” While in Rome, I want to immerse myself in the Italian culture––  learn the language, the history, and most of all, I wish to learn about how the Church developed in this city.” Matthew Tinsley, Theology Major

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“…I chose Italy, because the credits transfer, and why wouldn’t I take my theology/fine arts core in Rome? ” Rory Garrison, Health Policy Management Major

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“I have never taken a theology class (besides DWC) so I am really excited to expand my horizons and learn new things.  This semester abroad I hope to meet many new people, whether they be from PC or just any other students in the CEA program.  Already, I have made new friends and met people who are from all over the United States, which I think is very cool.  In addition, I’d like to use this time abroad to really try and transform myself.” Rebecca McGuinness, Accounting Major

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“I’m thrilled to be studying abroad in Rome; I’ve been here once before with my family and fell in love with the city.” Katie O’Brien, English Major

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“I chose Rome because I have family from Italy and I wanted to experience and understand a part of my familial history that I only had heard about through my parents and grandparents. The food helped my decision as well!”  John Gallo, Economics Major

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“…I am very excited to see and learn about all of the art and architecture. Earlier in my PC career, I wanted to add an Art History minor but unfortunately I could not not fit all of the requirements, however, I think being here in Rome makes up for it!” Steve Beck, Finance Major

20140217-193532.jpgGo Friars!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Students Have Their Say

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The end of the semester and the beginning of final exams is upon us.  As we finished up the New Testament in the Eternal City class, I gave the students an opportunity to talk about their experience here in Rome this Fall.  We talked about academics, student life, and living in a foreign culture.

I posed the simple question: “Why study in Rome?”  I asked them to imagine a student back home who was considering a study abroad experience.   What would they say to such a student about being in Rome and studying Theology here?  Here’s what some of them said:

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“I would highly recommend it to anyone considering studying theology in Rome, as I found that I have learned a tremendous amount regarding the Catholic religion. I feel that I have even learned more than I would in a typical classroom on Providence College’s campus, as our weekly site visits reinforce what we learn, and allow for a further knowledge of the content of the course.” Taylor Morley

“Studying theology in Rome was a huge advantage because what I learned throughout the course all linked up to this ancient city, the center of the Catholic Church.” Caroline Lockyer

“I found theology to become more and more interesting as we were able to witness first hand the archaeology of the early Christians.” Sarah Davis

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“Rome makes everything that you learn in the classroom about theology come alive. Rome is the center of Catholicism and New Testament in the Eternal City proves it to you with all of the different sites that you visit once a week.” Hayley White

“Visiting some of the most famous basilicas in the world and experiencing the Papal Audience gave us an opportunity to not only learn, but ground our faith in tangible evidence by seeing it firsthand.” Caroline Carew

“Coming from a Catholic school Rome is a perfect place to study theology, with a Church on every block and taking classes 10 minutes from the Vatican.” Greg Nicolai

20140227-121536.jpg“Each and every site visit gives us the opportunity to truly understand Christianity to the fullest, as the evidence is right in front of us.” Devin Flood

“Personally studying theology in Rome has been much more of a memorable experience than I had ever envisioned before coming. I have taken classes at PC at home and they are definitely engaging, but I think that what stuck out most prominently about studying here in Rome is the fact that we got to visit and actually see the places that we were learning about and make connections to those and the readings that we did.” Jenna Winn

“Studying in Rome is unique because you can go to the places where early Christians practiced and have a greater respect for the evolution of the Church over the Centuries.” Nicholas Totagrande

20140218-114007.jpg“Studying theology in Rome has been an extremely rewarding experience. Rome contains many magnificent sites and locations that allow students to fully experience the theological and historical significance of this city. Rome is a must for any student looking to further their studies in this subject matter.” Chad Britnell

“Studying theology in Rome removes us from blind faith and makes our religion more grounded in concrete.” Kevin Gleason

“It is worth studying theology in Rome because some of the most important history of early Christians lives on here.” Rose Muldoon

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“What better place to study Theology than the Catholic capital of the world?” Matt Matuozzi

“The numerous site visits give valuable background for our faith and you get a deeper understanding of what it means to be a Catholic.” Lauren Politi

“If you want to see theology and history come to life, there is no better place than the eternal city.” Emily DiRenzo

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“It is powerful to enter the basilicas and feel the spiritual energy. It’s more interesting to see the churches and walk around them and experience the basilicas versus reading about them in a textbook.” Rainy Paul

“While in a classroom in the U.S., you can only rely on photos and textbooks to give you a sense of what happened thousands of years ago.  While studying in Rome, visiting sites weekly allows you to better understand the New and the Old Testaments.” Brynne Murphy

“There are many reasons why Rome is the best place to study abroad… Living right next to Papa Francesco should say it all… The Vatican, the home of the Pope is within walking distance, and each day you can see the thousands of people in crowds going to and from St. Peter’s Square. Where else can you learn about religion and history one day and then go see it in the next few days?  There is no better, more beautiful and more religious place to study in the world.” Emileigh Gaeta

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 Go Friars!

 

 

St. Peter – Pray for Us!

 

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Our last site visit for the New Testament in the Eternal City course was to the excavations underneath St. Peter’s Basilica.  Called the “Scavi San Pietro”, these 20th century archaeological excavations have revealed the ancient Roman cemetery under St. Peter’s Basilica and Square.

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Begun in secret in the 1940’s during the pontificate of Pope Pius XII, these excavations were not open to the public until the 1970’s and then only in a very limited way.  Today a visit to the “Scavi” is a very exclusive tour in Rome that most people never experience, even if they live here.  So, this was a very important site visit!

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St. Peter was crucified in the Emperor Nero’s stadium or “circus”  on the Vatican Hill about 64AD. Next to Nero’s stadium was a cemetery and St. Peter’s body was buried there.  At first it was a very simple grave with clay tiles over it for protection from the elements.  But in a very short time the early Christians added a more elaborate grave marker which was known as a “trophy”.  About 200 AD a Roman priest named Gauis tells us that he “can show anyone the two “trophies” of the Apostles Peter and Paul…  One is on the Via Ostia and one is on the Vatican Hill”. Gaius was speaking of the graves of the martyred apostles already as a site of pilgrimage for Christians the world over.

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The traditional Christian pilgrimage to Rome to pray at the two tombs of the Apostles became known as the “ad limina apostolorum”.  “Ad limina” means literally “to the thresholds of the Apostles”, that is, the thresholds of their tombs.  In fact, it became a tradition very early on that all bishops must visit the tombs of the two “princes of the Apostles”, Peter and Paul, to be spiritually connected to the two founders of the Church at Rome.

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One of the earliest titles for the Pope is “Successor of Peter and Paul”.  And one of the responsibilities of the Pope in Rome is to be a “custodian of the tombs of the Apostles”. That is, the Pope must ensure that access to the tombs is given to pilgrims and that prayer and worship are unhindered at these holy sites.

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We were told by our tour guide that Pope Francis is the first Pope to visit the entirety of these excavations under the basilica.

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In our New Testament course this semester we have now visited both tombs of the Apostles, and so have completed the “ad limina apostolorum”, the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls and the Basilica of St. Peter.  What a great way to end the semester!  St. Peter – pray for us!

 

A Visit from the Home Campus

This week the P.C. in Rome Program was pleased to welcome Ms. Alexandra Agati from the Center for International Studies back home.  “Allie” is the “Study Abroad Advisor” in the P.C. office and therefore has had one-on-one contact with every student who has come to Rome.  For this reason the students were excited about her visit and eager to share their Rome experiences thus far with her.

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Allie graduated from Providence College with a B.A. in English and a minor in Political Science in 2011 and studied abroad at Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia, during which time she developed an enthusiasm for international education. Upon return, she began working as a Peer Advisor, promoting study abroad and advising students.

20140218-114007.jpgThe purpose of Allie’s administrative visit was to familiarize herself with the P.C. in Rome program “on the ground” so that she can advise students in Providence effectively and accurately when they inquire about study abroad in the eternal city.  While she was here she met with the CEA Rome Team and discussed academics, housing, student life, co-curricular opportunities, and partnerships with Italian universities in Rome.

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Although only on a short stay with us, she was able to pack in a host of activities including class observations, meetings with students, faculty, staff, and administration, and even a tour of some student apartments for a true picture of what daily life is like here for a semester abroad.

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Allie has a particular responsibility for advising students in the P.C. School of Business and School of Professional Studies, as well as advising all students on short-term study abroad opportunities.  And she herself is also a student, currently completing her M.A. in Intercultural Relations from Lesley University.

allie visit2One evening Allie met with students for an in-depth conversation on their experiences here and asked what they would tell potential students who were considering a semester in Rome.  They were able to relate the blessings as well as the challenges of “Italian life” and living in the chaotic, busy, but also beautiful city of Rome.

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Administrative visits like this are important because it strengthens the bond with the home campus and helps to ensure effective collaboration between P.C. and CEA.  By familiarizing herself with P.C. in Rome, Allie can now bring back a deeper appreciation of how our program, in a unique way, perhaps, from other study abroad experiences,  flows from the very heart of the College mission as a Catholic, Dominican institution.

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Go Friars!

 

 

The Sistine Chapel and the Twenty-First Century

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This week our New Testament in the Eternal City class visited the famous Sistine Chapel in the Vatican Museums.  Little did we know that we were some of the first visitors to experience the new lighting and climate control that had just been inaugurated in the Chapel.

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The Chapel takes its name from the Pope who commissioned its construction in 1475.  Pope Sixtus IV wanted a newer and grander space for papal ceremonies and for the conclaves of Cardinals which elect new popes.  The design and dimensions of the Sistine Chapel are thought to come from the biblical description in I Kings 6 of King Solomon’s great Temple in Jerusalem.

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It was the 450th anniversary of the death of Michelangelo, who painted the Genesis story of creation on the ceiling and the Last Judgement behind the papal altar, which marked the occasion for the Vatican Museum to  install a brand new air conditioning system and 7,000 new LED lights which will hopefully preserve the Renaissance artist’s masterpiece for generations to come.

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When the old lighting and air filtering and conditioning systems were installed two decades ago,the annual number of visitors to the museums and chapel was under 2 million. Today it hosts almost 6 million visitors a year, with more than 20,000 people a day entering during the peak pilgrim and tourist season.

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The Vatican says the Sistine Chapel’s precious frescoes were starting to turn white from the air pollution caused by so many visitors passing through each day. Officials first noticed the whitening patina in 2010 and immediately launched an investigation. While the exact origin still unknown, it seems that the powdery patina — which covers some frescoes like cracked sugar icing — was believed to be calcium carbonate and calcium bicarbonate deposits. It was easily removed during the installation of the new climate control system.  The hope is that  this new technology  would prevent potential damage from rising levels of carbon dioxide and humidity brought on by crowds.

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The purpose of our site visit to the Sistine Chapel was, in part, to explore connections between the frescoes and the theology of the New Testament that we have been studying.  We compared the various ways that Jesus is depicted in the Chapel.  These “Christologies” included Jesus as the new Adam, Jesus as the new Jonah, Jesus as Judge, and Jesus as the new Moses.

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And since we have devoted a good part of our study to the legacy of Peter and Paul in Rome, it was fitting to visit where the “successor of Peter and Paul”, the pope, is elected.  The papal conclaves are held in the Chapel and the new pope makes his first appearance there before he comes out onto the balcony to greet the people.

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 Viva il Papa!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UNH at CEA

 

20140217-193532.jpgRecently our provider, Cultural Experiences Abroad, had an official visit by a team of evaluators from the University of New Haven. Although CEA hosts academic programs at over 20 locations globally, it is actually the University of New Haven that oversees and accredits the courses offered in all of those places.

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It just so happened that the Dean of International Studies at P.C., Dr. Adrian Beaulieu, was invited to serve as part of the UNH accreditation team.  Dr. Beaulieu was asked because of his vast experience in the “world of study abroad”.  Also, he has an obvious connection to CEA through our PC/ CEA Theology Religious Studies Center in Rome.

Now in its fourth year, our Center provides Theology classes for P.C. students as well as any other students who come to Rome through CEA.  Our Theology courses are the only classes in Rome not transcripted by UNH.  Theology/ Religious Studies students receive their transcripts directly from Providence College.

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Every five years a rigorous process of accreditation takes place.  CEA prepares a self-study report to submit to the administration at UNH.  This summer our CEA Rome Team submitted a report of over 90 pages outlining just about everything that happens at their global campus here in the eternal city.

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During their visit, the evaluators participated in the entire life of the global campus for three days. They sat in on classes, interviewed students, and consulted faculty and staff about the work of CEA in Rome.

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They also visited student apartments and learned about the life of American students here. The point was to immerse themselves in the daily activities of the students, faculty, staff, and administration and get a feel for the “ethos” of the program.  This “up close” experience, as well as the self study report, gives the accreditation team plenty of perspective to be able to evaluate CEA in Rome.

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But it certainly was not all work and no play for the UNH team!  They enjoyed an aperitif and dinner with faculty one evening.  And another evening they participated in a site tour visit of the Jewish Ghetto which ended with dinner at a famous kosher restaurant.

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Because of our partnership with CEA, this visit was important for Providence College too. Like CEA, we’re interested in maintaining high standards, being proactive about student needs, and thinking creatively about enhancing the experience for future students who come to Rome. All in all, it was a learning experience for everyone and helped to forge an even stronger bond between CEA and P.C.

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 Go Friars!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

St. John Lateran and Salvation History

st john lateran11“So much of the Old Testament is found in the New, so much of the New Testament stems from the Old, and together they compose the beautiful story of God’s salvation history. The first book of the New Testament, the Gospel according to Matthew, proves this point in words, while St. John Lateran uses images to convey the same message.” Hannah King

St John Lateran3Recently our New Testament in the Eternal City class made a visit to the basilica of St. John Lateran.  We were studying Matthew’s gospel which includes a theology of the Church that is founded on Peter and the Apostles.  Matthew also stresses the Church’s connection to the Old Testament and Judaism in general.  This view of salvation history sees the Church as the “new Israel” and Jesus as the Jewish Messiah, fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies and theology.

st john lateran12We were able to study some of Matthew’s theological themes contained in the  structure, mosaics, statuary, and paintings of the Basilica of the Lateran.  Reading the “text” of the basilica the students discovered a salvation history similar to the one in Matthew’s gospel.  St John Lateran2Along the central nave leading to the main altar are statues of the 12 apostles, over which are base reliefs of alternating scenes from the Old Testament and the New Testament. Above these are oval portraits of the 12 Old Testament prophets.  This artistic schema is not only beautiful and impressive, but tells the story of Jesus the Messiah, much as Matthew does, with his stress on Old Testament fulfillment.

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Here are some excerpts from the students’ weekly essays:

“Both Matthew’s gospel in the New Testament and the St. John Lateran Basilica in Rome frequently reference the Old Testament, showing God working in human history to bring about our salvation.” Rose Muldoon

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“In order to understand both St. John Lateran and the Gospel of Matthew one must be well versed in the Jewish scriptures. Therefore when one looks at the reliefs in St. John Lateran one can very much relate to the Jewish converts to Christianity who used their previous understanding of God in the Old Testament to foster a new relationship with Him and the Church.. by viewing the Basilica through the lens of Mathew’s Gospel one can further understand his or her own faith as well as understand Mathew’s Jewish-Christian audience.” Nick Totagrande

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“The Basilica of St. John Lateran contains theological evidence and references that connect directly to the Old and New Testament, linking to the message Matthew preaches in order to fulfill the needs of the Jewish-Christians, proving that Jesus Christ is the Jewish Messiah leading all the way back to Israel.” Jenna Winn

 Go Friars!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P.C. and Pope Francis

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“I thought this was one of the greatest experiences I’ve had in Rome thus far. Seeing the pope and hearing him speak was very exciting and truly made me proud to be a Catholic. I thought it was interesting how they had speakers from all different languages and especially liked when they announced Providence College!” Lauren Politi

“This morning was truly a morning I will never forget…” Caroline Lockyer

“The papal audience was one of my greatest experiences of studying abroad so far. To have all of these people here to pray together is just truly amazing. Papa Francesco rocks!” Matt Matuozzi

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Last week the P.C. in Rome program went to the weekly Wednesday papal audience with Pope Francis.  I contacted Bishop Tobin’s office in Providence at the beginning of the semester for help in obtaining tickets for the students and myself.

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The crowd numbered over 50,000 according to the Vatican news later that day.  We were thrilled to hear “Providence College” formally welcomed during the introduction when various pilgrim groups and visiting dignitaries were introduced at the beginning of the Audience. (Thanks Bishop Tobin!)  Go Friars!
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We gave the Pope a Providence College baseball cap as he passed by us on the “Pope mobile”.  It’s a thrill to know that it will now be part of the papal archive of gifts.
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Pope Francis has recently been using his talks at the weekly audience to offer some catechesis on the Church.  The talk he gave to us was about ecumenism and relationships with other Christians. He urged that Catholics realize that all Christians are on a journey together, towards full unity, in spite of our historic and theological differences. He asked us to pray for Christian unity, while adhering to the truth, on the way to reconciliation and communion.
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 I asked the students to share their photos and their impressions of the experience.
 “I loved the papal audience. Although I’m not very religious, I liked how pope Francis spoke about dialogue between people regardless of their backgrounds, religions, and differences. He is definitely an amazing and inspiring man for both religious and non-religious followers.” Danielle Cady
“The Pope Mobile being a Mercedes made it even cooler.” Kevin Gleason
“Being a part of an experience of people gathered from all over the world and sitting to watch and listen to the Pope was something I won’t forget.” Emily DiRenzo
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 “First of all, the ceremony was beautiful, and it was amazing to see how excited everyone got when the pope came out. His kindness is visible in his mannerisms and the comfort that he brought among that gigantic crowd… I really enjoyed the announcements and the fact that they said Providence College, hopefully the blessing spreads back to campus!” Jenna Winn
“I found the Papal Audience to be a great experience, and I am really glad that I participated in it. I am shocked at how close Pope Francis actually came to us.” Katherine Morley

“The Papal audience was so much more than I had expected! My absolute favorite part was when he was kissing and blessing the babies it was very touching.”  Camille Dottore

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“As the Pope drove past us in his “Pope mobile” I was extremely excited but also shocked because I didn’t realize that he would be that close to us. I was very impressed at the number of people at the audience. Overall, it was amazing to be at the Papal Audience and to see first hand how many people truly praise Pope Francis. This is a day I will never forget.” Devin Flood

“Seeing the pope today was something I’ll never forget, his charisma and compassion were evident just by him driving by in his pope mobile and his interaction with the crowd.  From the kids to the old Italian ladies sitting behind us, there was a lot of love for Pope Francis in St. Peters Square.” Greg Nicolai

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“I am so glad that I had the opportunity to witness the papal audience this morning, it was truly an experience I will never forget. Not only was there a great deal of excitement built up to seeing Pope Francis, but being able to witness the ceremony afterwards was great as well.” Hannah Struever

“The Papal Audience was amazing! It was so powerful and spiritual but felt like a concert at the same time, everyone saw Papa Francesco as a celebrity!” Caroline Carew

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 Go Friars!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Underground Christianity

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“After studying Mark’s gospel and visiting the Catacombs of Priscilla, the main connection and overbearing Christian theme between the two becomes the resurrection and human salvation.” – Gregory Nicolai

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During our recent study of St. Mark’s gospel, we visited the Catacombs of St. Priscilla.  Because of the great number of martyrs buried there and the fact that it is mentioned in the most ancient documents of Christian topography and liturgy, it is called the “regina catacumbarum” or the Queen of the Catacombs”.

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There are over 50 catacomb complexes underneath Rome stretching for nearly three hundred miles. Many of them have ancient Christian inscriptions and decorations. Although there are several Christian catacombs that are open to the public, I chose Santa Priscilla because of the richness of the artwork and inscriptions.  It has the oldest image of the Blessed Virgin Mary and the so-called “Greek Chapel” is an absolute treasure trove of frescoes depicting biblical images from the Old and New Testaments.

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Contrary to popular Christian imagination, the early Christians never lived in the catacombs.  In fact, it would have been dangerous even to pray publicly there as a group since it could have led to discovery and arrest during the days of the Roman persecution of the Church.  The catacombs were a place of burial and remembrance.  The fresoes and inscriptions are testimony to the faith of the early Christians and their hope of resurrection.  The tombs of the martyrs take pride of place and are usually richly decorated.

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During our tour, the students were able to connect many of the motifs of the frescoes and inscriptions with theological and spiritual themes from our New Testament course.

Priscilla4“Since this Gospel was written at the time of Christian persecution by the Romans, there needed to be an emphasis on the new life that came from death and that Jesus secured that new life for us…This assurance of rebirth in Mark’s Gospel clearly had an effect on the early Christians because on their inscriptions in the catacombs they would write the death date of the deceased.  The date symbolizes the birth date of their new life with Christ.” – Kevin Gleason

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“The art in the Catacombs reflects the paradox and Christian belief in an afterlife. It also replicates Mark’s story that you must die and understand suffering before you can truly live. These paintings show that life and eternal happiness is beyond the grave, which ties in with the paradox of the Catacombs that you can find such life and beauty in an area of death.” – Rainy Paul

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“In Mark’s Gospel, the cross is a central symbol that is present throughout and in order to be a Christian one must take up their own cross, which connects to the sufferings of the Christians in Rome during a time of persecution…In the catacombs, the centrality of the cross is represented by the symbol of suffering and death, which is everywhere because many of the the Christians who were buried there were martyrs who fought for their faith.” Hayley White

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“Christians view the cross as a sign of Jesus Christ, who gave his life for the gift of salvation and correspondingly at the catacombs the cross symbolized salvation. The Christian belief of afterlife is the idea of life after death; in the catacombs of Priscilla, a place of burial and death, the artwork represents life, which could be symbolism for afterlife.” – Hannah Struever

Go Friars!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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