Palladio is a research tool for examining data across time and space. It allows for the identification of patterns, clusters, and trends within data that may be difficult for an individual researcher interacting with the data to see. Palladio serves as a means of enhancing (not replacing) traditional qualitative humanities research methods. Data can be mapped, graphed to show network relationships, viewed and faceted as an interactive gallery, and more. Palladio comes out of Stanford University’s Humanities + Design research lab.
I’m enrolled in an Introduction to Digital Humanities course through Library Juice Academy. One of my assignments this week requires an examination of Palladio (as well as a similar tool, Google Fusion Tables). Palladio peaked my interest. My initial introduction and interaction with Palladio came through the very helpful Getting Started With Palladio tutorial by Miriam Posner. This tutorial provides clear, easy to follow instructions for uploading data into Palladio and beginning to work with the data tools- definitely check it out.
After completing the Posner’s tutorial I got inspired to apply Palladio to some data we have access to through DPS projects. I took a few minutes to aggregate data from a couple of different spreadsheets around the Dorr Letters Project. My data looks like this:
In less than a minute I was able to create this visualization graphing the “to” and “from” fields:
And this map showing the origination location for each item of correspondence:
I’ll continue to play with Palladio and update this post accordingly.
Palladio is a research tool for examining data across time and space. It allows for the identification of patterns, clusters,... MORE
A research report was released by the Babson Survey Research Group on July 26, 2016: “Opening the Textbook: Educational Resources in Higher Education, 2015-2016.” Using responses from 3,000 U.S. faculty, the report provides a snapshot of faculty awareness, use and attitudes toward open textbooks. The study seeks to better understand the selection process by faculty for educational materials that they employ in their courses.
REPORT EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Most higher education faculty are unaware of open educational resources (OER) – but they are interested and some are willing to give it a try. Survey results, using responses of over 3,000 U.S. faculty, show that OER is not a driving force in the selection of materials – with the most significant barrier being the effort required to find and evaluate such materials. Use of open resources is low overall, but somewhat higher for large enrollment introductory-level courses.
Selecting Teaching Resources:
- Almost all (90%) of teaching faculty selected new or revised educational materials for at least one course over the previous two years.
- The most common activity was changing required materials for an existing course (74%), followed by substantially modifying a course (65%). Creating a new course was the least common activity (48%).
- The most common factor cited by faculty when selecting educational resources was the cost to the students. After cost, the next most common was the comprehensiveness of the resource, followed by how easy it was to find.
- There is a serious disconnect between how many faculty include a factor in selecting educational resources and how satisfied they are with the state of that factor. For example, faculty are least satisfied with the cost of textbooks, yet that is the most commonly listed factor for resource selections.
- Virtually all courses (98%) require a textbook or other non-textbook material as part of their suite of required resources.
- Required textbooks are more likely to be in printed form (69%) than digital. Faculty require digital textbooks in conjunction with a printed textbook more often than using only digital textbooks.
- Only 5.3% of courses are using an openly licensed (Creative Commons or public domain) required textbook.
- For large enrollment introductory undergraduate courses openly licensed OpenStax College textbooks are adopted at twice the rate (10%) as open licensed textbooks among all courses.
- There has been very little change in the past year in the proportion of faculty who report that they are aware of copyright status of classroom content.
- Awareness of public domain licensing and Creative Commons licensing has remained steady.
- Faculty continue to have a much greater level of awareness of the type of licensing often used for OER (Creative Commons) than they do of OER itself, and it is clear that they do not always associate this licensing with OER.
Open Educational Resources:
- Faculty awareness of OER has increased in the last year, but remains low. Only 6.6% of faculty reported that they were “Very aware” of open educational resources, with around three times that many (19%) saying that they were “Aware”.
- The level of faculty awareness of open textbooks (a specific type of OER) was somewhat lower than that for open educational resources; only 34% of faculty claimed some level of awareness.
Barriers to OER Adoption:
- The barriers to adopting OER most often cited by faculty are that “there are not enough resources for my subject” (49%), it is “too hard to find what I need” (48%) and “there is no comprehensive catalog of resources” (45%).
- There has been a decrease in faculty concerns about permission to use or change OER materials, and increases in concerns about the quality of OER and that it is timely and up-to-date.
- Most faculty do not have experience searching for OER materials and cannot compare the ease of finding OER with traditional materials. Only 2.5% thought that it was easier to search for OER.
- The number of faculty claiming that they would use OER in the future (6.9%) is of the same order of magnitude of those already using open resources (5.3%). A larger group (31.3%) reports that they will consider future OER use.
A research report was released by the Babson Survey Research Group on July 26, 2016: “Opening the Textbook: Educational Resources in... MORE
On September 27th, the Library of Congress hosted a conference called Collections as Data in Washington, D.C. The conference website provides the following description for the event:
“The rise of accessible digital collections coupled with the development of tools for processing and analyzing data has enabled researchers to create new models of scholarship and inquiry. The National Digital Initiatives team invites leaders and experts from organizations that are collecting, preserving and providing researcher access to digital collections as data to share best practices and lessons learned. This event will also highlight new collaborative initiatives at the Library of Congress that seek to enhance researcher engagement and the use of digital collections as data.”
Participants had the option of attending in-person or virtually, as the event was live-streamed on the Library of Congress YouTube channel; members of the Digital Publishing Services team attended sessions virtually throughout the day. Sessions were open to the public and organizers asked that attendees use the hashtag #AsData in their tags. A video recording of the conference has been archived on the LOC YouTube channel. For more information about the event, please visit the conference website. (Source)
On September 27th, the Library of Congress hosted a conference called Collections as Data in Washington, D.C. The conference website... MORE
Leah Grandy, of the Loyalist Collection at the University of New Brunswick Libraries, has a few recent(-ish) posts on paleography, or deciphering historical handwriting. Grandy notes here that paleography training—previously thought to be necessary only for people studying medieval and early modern texts, which may be written in styles such as blackletter or secretary hand that they don’t necessarily encounter much in their modern lives—may also need to be extended to students and researchers of later centuries as well. Cursive, previously a staple of early education, is no longer taught in many schools, and as a result, undergrads are arriving at college who have trouble reading 18th-20th century handwritten primary sources. As someone who has deciphered written annotations for the Women Writers Project and sometimes transcribes documents on Shakespeare’s World for fun, I’m used to people recoiling in fear and/or disgust at the idea of facing down secretary hand, but it’s strange for me to think about people having a similar reaction to cursive!
In this post, Grandy offers a really helpful set of tips for reading or transcribing handwritten documents—whatever style they’re written in. Among them: comparing unclear letters/words to identifiable ones; looking up people and places; transcribing what you can identify and leaving blanks before coming back; guessing and going with your gut! If you’re a student or researcher dealing with handwritten primary sources, check it out.
Leah Grandy, of the Loyalist Collection at the University of New Brunswick Libraries, has a few recent(-ish) posts on paleography,... MORE
The Phillips Memorial Library is celebrating Providence College’s Centennial with a grand exhibition. The exhibit was curated and installed by Special and Archival Collections, and photographed and archived by, Digital Publishing Services. It features items on loan or donated by alumni that span the College’s first 100 years. The exhibit is available through Digital Commons’ Image Gallery. Items in this collection include: a basketball signed by the winners of the NIT Championship’s from 1961 and 1963, a Friars Club jacket circa 1964, and an address to the first Honorary Degree recipient given out at the school, General Armando Diaz, former Minister of War and Chief of Staff of the Italian Army from 1917-1924. Check out the online exhibit or come visit the library to see it. The exhibit runs through the Fall semester of 2016.
The Phillips Memorial Library is celebrating Providence College’s Centennial with a grand exhibition. The exhibit was curated and installed by... MORE
Trouble finding research or teaching materials on your computer? Overwhelmed with family photos? Not sure what “the cloud” even is?
Join me on Tuesday, September 20 at 2:30 PM in the Phillips Memorial Library to learn some simple ways to start managing your digital life including tips for file naming, choosing file formats, and storage best practices.
I hope to see you there!
Can’t make it, but want to learn more? Check out this post from the Library of Congress blog, The Signal.
Trouble finding research or teaching materials on your computer? Overwhelmed with family photos? Not sure what “the cloud” even is? Join me... MORE
It’s that time of year again- the campus is buzzing with beginning-of-semester activity and the library is no exception. As one of the library’s primary service areas, Digital Publishing Services is here to help the PC community with a variety of needs. Here are some areas that may be of use to you:
- scholarly communication and copyright
- personal digital archiving and digital asset management
- scanning and digitization
- media creation
- journal publishing
- text encoding and other digital humanities tools
- graphic design
- data visualization
For assistance contact email@example.com. We wish you all the best this academic year!
A photo posted by Phillips Memorial Library (@clubphil_pc) on
It’s that time of year again- the campus is buzzing with beginning-of-semester activity and the library is no exception. As... MORE
The long-awaited (at least by me) Folger Digital Anthology has been released! The Folger Shakespeare Library, whose online texts of the Bard are something of a gold standard, announced a little while back that they’d also be releasing an online anthology of TEI-encoded non-Shakespearean plays from the early modern period. The collection includes 403 plays that were performed professionally between the 1576 construction of The Theatre, England’s first successful permanent theatre, and the 1642 closure of the theatres due to the English Civil War. Some of the plays are old chestnuts that already have a bunch of online transcriptions, but in browsing the genre categories (which include the comedies, tragedies, and histories familiar to fans of Shakespeare, but also tragicomedies, morality plays, classical legends, pseudo-histories, and more – Meaghan J. Brown, the project leader, discusses genre decisions here) I found some that, as far as I can tell, were not previously accessible to the general public online.
The long-awaited (at least by me) Folger Digital Anthology has been released! The Folger Shakespeare Library, whose online texts of... MORE
Founded in 1451, the Vatican Library holds some 80,000 manuscripts and texts. Amongst these texts are surviving fragments of the Vergilius Vaticanus, one of the world’s oldest illuminated versions of Virgil’s Aeneid. Vergilius Vaticanus has recently been digitized by Digita Vaticana, a nonprofit organization affiliated with the Vatican Library converting the library’s manuscripts into digital format.
Founded in 1451, the Vatican Library holds some 80,000 manuscripts and texts. Amongst these texts are surviving fragments of the... MORE
[Invited guest post by Rebecca Pac]
SocArXiv announced this week that they will be working with Center for Open Science to create an open access digital repository for social science research. This repository will include pre-print copies of recent research articles which can be read without having to register as a user of the site and will be findable in Google Scholar. Researchers will be able to upload their works for free and choose the Creative Commons license that best fits their needs.
Katherine Newman, Provost and Senior Vice Chancellor at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, said of the project, “SocArXiv is an exciting opportunity to democratize access to the best of social science research. This resource will make it possible for students, faculty, researchers, policy makers, and the public at large to benefit from the wealth of information, analysis, debate and generative ideas for which the social sciences are so well known. This will assist the nation’s academics in making clear to the public why their work matters beyond the ivy walls.”
[Invited guest post by Rebecca Pac] SocArXiv announced this week that they will be working with Center for Open Science... MORE